The nutrition of pregnant

The nutrition of pregnantWhat are the basic principles of rational nutrition of pregnant women? Good nutrition contributes to the normal development of pregnancy, the fetus, as well as prevention of the development of large fruits, significantly complicating pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum, neonatal and postnatal development of the newborn. In the first half of pregnancy special diet is not required. Food should be varied, containing a sufficient amount of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, salts and vitamins. In the first months of pregnancy cannot be excluded, if necessary, spicy and salty dishes, in the second half of predominantly dairy and vegetable food. Meat and fish should be consumed 3-4 times a week. Spicy foods are prohibited, reasonably limited carbohydrates, flour products, starch and liquid. What amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and trace elements should be in the daily diet of a pregnant? The amount of protein and fat is injected into the daily ration at the rate of 1.5-2 g per 1 kg of body weight women. Carbohydrates as the main energy material and the source of formation of fats should be no more than 500 g per day (with obesity amount of carbohydrates is reduced to 300-400 grams per day). For the prevention of late toxemia of pregnancy table salt in the second half of pregnancy should be limited to 5 grams per day, the liquid to 1-1,2 love last week to 0.8 liters per day. A number of trace elements, the sources of which are milk, cheese, eggs, liver, meat, bread, nuts, buckwheat and barley groats, beets, peas, in the second half of pregnancy should be: calcium - 1.5-2 g, phosphorus - 2 g magnesium - 0.5 g, iron - 15 - 20 mg per day. What is the importance of vitamins for pregnant? In the diet of pregnant especially necessary vitamins that are part of several enzymes and performing in organizovanniy catalysts of metabolism. When the lack of vitamins, entering the body of a pregnant dairy products of vegetable origin, should be assigned to finished dosage forms. What is the meaning and the daily requirement of vitamins a, PP, C, E for pregnant? Vitamin a (carotene) affects the mucous membrane of the uterus, promotes its regeneration, which is especially important in the postpartum period. Daily dose of 5,000 IU, in the last months of pregnancy - 10000-20000 ME. Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid) is involved in the metabolism of sex hormones, in low concentrations, has a dampening effect on the contractile function of the gravid uterus. Daily dose of 18-25 mg Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a powerful catalyst for redox processes in the body, potentiates the effect of estrogen, increases the effect of pituitrin and memorizing on uterine contractions. Daily dose of 100-200 mg Vitamin C is involved in the regulation of calcium and phosphorus metabolism, used in obstetric practice for the prevention of rickets in the fetus. Daily dose of 1000 IU. Vitamin E (tocopherol) plays an important role in normal pregnancy (vitamin fertility), the lack of it leads to the dysfunction of the reproductive organs, sometimes to fetal death and miscarriage. Daily dose of 20-25 mg What is the meaning and the daily requirement of b vitamins for pregnant? Vitamin B1 (thiamine) is involved in regulation of the metabolism of oestrogen hormones, the synthesis of acetylcholine, promotes proper metabolism in the nervous system, liver, regulate the water-salt metabolism. Daily dose of 10-20 mg Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) helps the normal course of pregnancy and childbirth, it is used for prevention of threatened abortion increases the redox processes in the body. Daily dose of 2-3 mg Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is necessary for the exchange of essential amino acids (histamine and tryptophan). Daily dose of 5 mg. Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) is effective in anemia caused by diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver, enhances the secretion of growth hormone. It is used when the malnutrition of the fetus. Daily dose of 0.003 mg.



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